The X Factor 3 Finalists

The X Factor auditions are back on the road later this month in search of the best and freshest vocal talent.And this year there are more opportunities than ever to showcase your talent with our biggest-ever audition tour. We're visiting an unprecedented 50 towns and cities across the length and breadth of the UK and Ireland.You can apply in one of three ways:Open Auditions - Register online for one of the nine cities or just turn up at the venues on the day.Mobile Audition Van - meet the team visiting smaller towns and cities across the country. There is no need to register for the Mobile Audition dates.Apply online - Anyone can apply online now at https://application.xfactor.tv/ to register for the Open Auditions or if you can't make any of our audition dates.In psychology, the Big Five personality traits are five broad domains or dimensions of personality that are used to describe human personality, the five-factor model (FFM)[1] The five factors are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. Acronyms commonly used to refer to the five traits collectively are OCEAN, NEOAC, or CANOE. Beneath each global factor, a cluster of correlated and more specific primary factors are found; for example, extraversion includes such related qualities as gregariousness, assertiveness, excitement seeking, warmth, activity, and positive emotions.[2]The Big Five model is able to account for different traits in personality without overlapping. Empirical research has shown that the Big Five personality traits show consistency in interviews, self-descriptions and observations. Moreover, this five-factor structure seems to be found across a wide range of participants of different ages and of different cultures.[3]Contents1 Five factors1.1 Openness to experience1.1.1 Sample items1.2 Conscientiousness1.2.1 Sample items1.3 Extraversion1.3.1 Sample items1.4 Agreeableness1.4.1 Sample items1.5 Neuroticism1.5.1 Sample items2 History2.1 Early trait research2.2 Hiatus in research2.3 Renewed attention3 Biological and developmental factors3.1 Heritability3.2 Development of the Big Five during childhood and adolescence3.2.1 Extraversion/Positive Emotionality3.3 Development of the Big Five throughout adulthood3.4 Brain structures4 Group differences4.1 Gender differences4.2 Birth-order differences5 Cultural differences6 Relationships6.1 Personality disorders6.2 Common mental disorders6.3 Education6.3.1 Academic achievement6.3.2 Learning styles6.4 Work success7 Non-humans8 Measurements9 Criticisms9.1 Limited scope9.2 Methodological issues9.3 Theoretical status10 See also11 References12 External linksFive factors[edit]A summary of the factors of the Big Five and their constituent traits, such that they form the acronym OCEAN:[4]Openness to experience: (inventive/curious vs. consistent/cautious). Appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, curiosity, and variety of experience. Openness reflects the degree of intellectual curiosity, creativity and a preference for novelty and variety a person has. It is also described as the extent to which a person is imaginative or independent, and depicts a personal preference for a variety of activities over a strict routine. Some disagreement remains about how to interpret the openness factor, which is sometimes called "intellect" rather than openness to experience.Conscientiousness: (efficient/organized vs. easy-going/careless). A tendency to be organized and dependable, show self-discipline, act dutifully, aim for achievement, and prefer planned rather than spontaneous behavior.Extraversion: (outgoing/energetic vs. solitary/reserved). Energy, positive emotions, surgency, assertiveness, sociability and the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of others, and talkativeness.Agreeableness: (friendly/compassionate vs. analytical/detached). A tendency to be compassionate and cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic towards others. It is also a measure of one's trusting and helpful nature, and whether a person is generally well tempered or not.Neuroticism: (sensitive/nervous vs. secure/confident). The tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily, such as anger, anxiety, depression, and vulnerability. Neuroticism also refers to the degree of emotional stability and impulse control and is sometimes referred to by its low pole, "emotional stability".The Big Five Model was defined by several independent sets of researchers.[5] These researchers began by studying known personality traits and then factor-analyzing hundreds of measures of these traits (in self-report and questionnaire data, peer ratings, and objective measures from experimental settings) in order to find the underlying factors of personality.[4][6][7][8][9] The Big five personality traits was the model to comprehend the relationship between personality and academic behaviors.[10]The initial model was advanced by Ernest Tupes and Raymond Christal in 1961[11] but failed to reach an academic audience until the 1980s. In 1990, J.M. Digman advanced his five-factor model of personality, which Lewis Goldberg extended to the highest level of organization.[12] These five overarching domains have been found to contain and subsume most known personality traits and are assumed to represent the basic structure behind all personality traits.[13] These five factors provide a rich conceptual framework for integrating all the research findings and theory in personality psychology.At least four sets of researchers have worked independently for decades on this problem and have identified generally the same five factors: Tupes and Cristal were first, followed by Goldberg at the Oregon Research Institute,[14][15][16][17][18] Cattell at the University of Illinois,[7][19][20][21] and Costa and McCrae at the National Institutes of Health.[22][23][24][25] These four sets of researchers used somewhat different methods in finding the five traits, and thus each set of five factors has somewhat different names and definitions. However, all have been found to be highly inter-correlated and factor-analytically aligned.[26][27][28][29][30] Studies indicate that the Big Five traits are not nearly as powerful in predicting and explaining actual behavior as are the more numerous facet or primary traits.[31][32]Each of the Big Five personality traits contains two separate, but correlated, aspects reflecting a level of personality below the broad domains but above the many facet scales that are also part of the Big Five.[33] The aspects are labeled as follows: Volatility and Withdrawal for Neuroticism; Enthusiasm and Assertiveness for Extroversion; the x factor 3 finalists Intellect and Openness for Openness/Intellect; Industriousness and Orderliness for Conscientiousness; and Compassion and Politeness for Agreeableness.[33]Openness to experience[edit]Openness is a general appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, imagination, curiosity, and variety of experience. People who are open to experience are intellectually curious, open to emotion, sensitive to beauty and willing to try new things. They tend to be, when compared to closed people, more creative and more aware of their feelings. They are also more likely to hold unconventional beliefs.A particular individual, however, may have a high overall openness score and be interested in learning and exploring new cultures but have no great interest in art or poetry. There is a strong connection between liberal ethics and openness to experience such as support for policies endorsing racial tolerance.[34] Another characteristic of the open cognitive style is a facility for thinking in symbols and abstractions far removed from concrete experience. People with low scores on openness tend to have more conventional, traditional interests. They prefer the plain, straightforward, and obvious over the complex, ambiguous, and subtle. They may regard the arts and sciences with suspicion or view these endeavors as uninteresting. Closed people prefer familiarity over novelty; they are conservative and resistant to change.[24]Sample items[edit]I have a rich vocabulary.I have a vivid imagination.I have excellent ideas.I am quick to understand things.I use difficult words.I am full of ideas.I am not interested in abstractions. (reversed)I do not have a good imagination. (reversed)I have difficulty understanding abstract ideas. (reversed)[35]Conscientiousness[edit]Conscientiousness is a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement against measures or outside expectations. It is related to the way in which people control, regulate, and direct their impulses. High scores on conscientiousness indicate a preference for planned rather than spontaneous behavior.[36] The average level of conscientiousness rises among young adults and then declines among older adults.[37]Sample items[edit]I am always prepared.I pay attention to details.I get chores done right away.I like order.I follow a schedule.I am exacting in my work.I leave my belongings around. (reversed)I make a mess of things. (reversed)I often forget to put things back in their proper place. (reversed)I shirk my duties. (reversed)[35]Extraversion[edit]Extraversion is characterized by breadth of activities (as opposed to depth), surgency from external activity/situations, and energy creation from external means.[38] The trait is marked by pronounced engagement with the external world. Extraverts enjoy interacting with people, and are often perceived as full of energy. They tend to be enthusiastic, action-oriented individuals. They possess high group visibility, like to talk, and assert themselves.[39]Introverts have lower social engagement and energy levels than extraverts. They tend to seem quiet, low-key, deliberate, and less involved in the social world. Their lack of social involvement should not be interpreted as shyness or depression; instead they are more independent of their social world than extraverts. Introverts need less stimulation than extraverts and more time alone. This does not mean that they are unfriendly or antisocial; rather, they are reserved in social situations.[40]Sample items[edit]I am the life of the party.I don't mind being the center of attention.I feel comfortable around people.I start conversations.I talk to a lot of different people at parties.I don't talk a lot. (reversed)I think a lot before I speak or act. (reversed)I don't like to draw attention to myself. (reversed)I am quiet around strangers. (reversed)[35]I have no intention of talking in large crowds. (reversed)Agreeableness[edit]The agreeableness trait reflects individual differences in general concern for social harmony. Agreeable individuals value getting along with others. They are generally considerate, kind, generous, trusting and trustworthy, helpful, and willing to compromise their interests with others.[40] Agreeable people also have an optimistic view of human nature.Because agreeableness is a social trait, research has shown that one's agreeableness positively correlates with the quality of relationships with one's team members. Agreeableness also positively predicts transformational leadership skills. In a study conducted among 169 participants in leadership positions in a variety of professions, individuals were asked to take a personality test and have two evaluations completed by directly supervised subordinates. Leaders with high levels of agreeableness were more likely to be considered transformational rather than transactional. Although the relationship was not strong, (r=0.32, β=0.28, p